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A. Rolková, P. Károly
On 6 and 7 June 1861, a political document titled “Memorandum of the Slovak Nation” was adopted by the Slovak National Assembly – a forum of representatives of Slovak towns and villages – at its meeting in Turčiansky Svätý Martin. The Memorandum laid down key requirements of the Slovaks for the recognition of their national identity within the multinational Habsburg Monarchy, in the constitutional, political, cultural and linguistic spheres. The main author of the Memorandum was Štefan Marko Daxner. The Assembly established a Permanent National Committee which, under the chairmanship of Ján Francisci, was set the task of turning the adopted resolutions into tangible achievements. The Memorandum is among the most important documentary records of the Slovaks' progress towards national emancipation. Until the Austro-Hungarian Empire was dissolved in 1918, the principles of national identity and equality enshrined in the Memorandum underpinned Slovak policy on how to pursue this aim.
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